The full technical programme for the XXVIII IULTCS International Congress, in Florence, Italy, March 9-12, 2005, has now been announced as follows:

Wednesday March 9: 14:30-19:00 Registration at Palazzo dei Congressi; 19:00-20:30 welcome cocktail at Palazzo Vecchio; 19:30 ‘The influence of leather in the fortepiano evolution in the XVII and XIX century’ by G A De Feo (Italy)

Thursday March 10: 9:00 – 10:30 opening ceremony; 10:30-11:10 Heidemann lecture by F Ciardelli (Italy) ‘A molecular dynamics approach to the supermoleculars structure of collagen and related binding properties’; 11:10-11:30 coffee break

First session: Beamhouse 11.30-11.50 ‘The iceman and his leather clothes’ by Alois Puentener, S Moss, Novartis AG, Switzerland; 11:50-12:10 ‘Oxidative unhairing with hair recovery’ by J M Morera, E Bartolì, M D Borras, M D Vila (Spain); 12.10-12.30 ‘A new approach to the degreasing process by V Candar and Y Eryasa Y, Turkey; 12.30-12.50 ‘Energy balance of the beamhouse in Europe, by Luisa Cabeza, Spain.

From 12.50-13.30 there will a chance for authors of visual presentations to give five minute summaries of their topics: ‘Liquid and solid wastes in the tanning process. Technological choices in relation to the context’ by R Lupo, S Galluzzi, Novelli R (Italy); ‘Detection of curing status of hides and skins’ by B Trommer (Germany); Reduction of salinity in the production of nappa by using agents with non swelling capacity in pickling-tanning’ by A Marsal, A Rius, J Cot, J Lalueza, R Palop, J Font (Spain); ‘Use of glucose to improve the environmental aspects of traditional chrome tanning: development of a semi-industrial scaled process for high quality bovine upper leather’ by D Castiello, G D’Elia, R Parri, M Salvadori, M Seggiani, S Vitolo (Italy); ‘Study of two low-salt-content, chrome tanning processes without float versus a classical process’ by J M Morera, A Bacardit, L I Ollé, J Costa (Spain); ‘Chromium (III) recovery from tanning effluents using biotechnology methodologies’ by R Puig, R Amils, N Rodriguez, J Lalueza, A Rius, L I Ollé, J Font (Spain). 13.30-14.30 Lunch

Second session: Environment 14.30-14.50 Salinity reduction in tannery effluent’ by Catherine Money, N K Chandra Babu (Australia); 14.50-15.10 ‘Valorization of skin fleshing by reutilization within the tanning industrial recycle’ by D Castiello, S Degl’Innocenti, G D’Elia, M Salvadori, M Seggiani, S Vitolo (Italy); 15.10-15.30 ‘Thermoplastic collagen – A new application for untanned byproducts’ by M Meyer, O Kotlarski (Germany); 15.30-15.50 ‘Innovative options for solid waste management’ by V Addy, A Hudson, S Kerry, A Catalina, S Lanlois, K Kolamaznik (UK); 15.50-16.10: ‘the transformation to an ‘all- biological process’ by N Andreanini, A C Brogi, C Fiaschi (Italia); 16.10-16.30 Coffee break

From 16.30-17.00 there will be another five minute summary from the authors of visual presentations: ‘The effect of organic acids and amines in chromium (VI) determination’ by C Simpson, M Hockey, C Money (Australia); ‘Study on determination of certain azo colourants in leather’ by Bing Shen (China); ‘Characterisation of gelatines using size exclusion chromatography couplet with multi angle light scattering (SEC-MALS) and 2D-electrophoresis’ by M Meyer, I Kaiser (Germany); ‘Identification of surface leather defects in wet-blue state by digital image processing’ by A Trommer, M Meyer, L Zedler, G Stanke (Germany); Infrared spectra and chemometrics a powerful tandem in leather industries: direct characterization of leather finishing’ by R Cantero, T Canals, G Cepas, I Escuredo, H Iturriaga, L Izquierdo, J R Ribas (Spain)

Between 17.00-18.30 there will be a round table on the subject ‘Innovation and Automation: evolution pathway towards an industrialized tannery’ followed at 18.30-19.15 a panel discussion of the visual presentations

Friday March 11: Third session: Tanning 9.00-9.20 ‘New perspectives in iron tanning’ by N K Chandrababu, R Karthikeyan, R Ramesh, U Ramamurthi, T Ramasami (India); 9.20-9.40 ‘Chrome free organic tannages and molecular level understanding of the tanning process for the production of leather with high hydrothermal stability’ by S Das Gupta, S Deb Choudhury (New Zealand); 9.40-10.00 ‘Development of high stability chromium free tannage’ by S Clara, A Hudson (UK); 10.00-10.20 ‘Reversed leather processing for cleaner production’ by J Raghava Rao, S Saravanabhavan, P Thanikaivelan, B Unni Nair, T Ramasami (India); 10.20-10.40 ‘A new pretannage with glyoxal and n-thioureidopyromellitamic acid for high exhaustion chrome tannage’ by Wangh Hongru, Zhou Xiang (China); 10.40-11.00 Organic tanning in the production of leather for automobile upholstery’ by U Sammarco (Italy); 11.00-11.20 Coffee break

Fourth session: tanning and finishing 11.20-11.40 ‘Studies on eco-friendly process of chrome tanning’ by G Murkherjee, S Chakraborty, G K Biswas (India); 11:40-12:00 ‘Mathematical modelling of the chrome and chrome-zeolite process’ by P Ciambelli, B Naviglio, D Sannino, A M Manna, V Vaiano, G Calvanese (Italia); 12.00-12.20 ‘From crust leather to semi-finished leather by using dense pressurized CO2’ by A L Hans (France); 12.20-12.40 ‘An update on crosslinking of leather finishes’ by J Levy (USA); 12.40-13.00 ‘Matting of leather surface’ by K D Hoerner (Germany)

From 13.00-13.30 there will be another session of five minute summaries of visual presentations: ‘Improved quality of Australian Crocodile skins’ by S C Hawkins, Chi P Huynh (Australia); ‘Medical applications for leather products-sheepskins preventing pressure ulcers’ by M B Hickey, K C Montgomery (Australia); ‘The gold century. Society, economy, territory and technique of Solofra in the XVI century’ by U Sammarco, A Cogliano, M De Maio (Italy); ‘Synthesis of nanocomposites of acrylic resin modified by organosilicon for leather finishing’ by X Zhang, Q Liu (China); Powder coatings -a new finishing system for leather industry’ by J Ding (UK); ‘Raw hides automatic folding’ by J Darragon (France); 13.30-14.45 Lunch

Fifth session: Finished Leather: Practical Aspects 14.40-15.10 ‘Influence of sweat on hide and leather’ by Tang Keyorg, Jinglong Liu, Wang Fang (China); ‘Formaldhyde-free leather: a realistic objective?’ by H P Germann, R Meyndt (Germany); Measurement and diagnosis of odours in the tanning process: an innovative measurement system and methodology to improve the environmental sustainability, the product quality and the competitiveness of European tanneries’ by E Scaglia (Italy); ‘Elastin in lamb pelts – its role in leather quality’ by R Edmonds, S Das Gupta, T Allsop, S Cooper, A Passman, S Deb Choudhury, G Norris (New Zealand); 15.50-16.10 Coffee break

16.30-18.00 IULTCS Delegates Council; 17.00-18.00 Visual presentations – Panel discussion; 18.00-19.15 Round Table ‘Training: a fundamental element for competitiveness’; 20.30 Gala Dinner

Saturday March 12, Sixth session: Analyses and Tests 9.00-9.20 ‘Exploring in the oxidation approach of chromium (III) into chromium (VI) by unsatured lipoids in leather’ by S Genxing, Congzheng Yu, Pengjie Liu (China); 9.20-9.40 ‘Defects automatic detection on wet-blue, stain and finished leather’ by C Vigier (France); ‘Evaluation, enumeration and control of bacteria in rawstock’ by A J Long, R Hallam (UK); 10.00-10.20 ‘Determination of fogging characteristics for automotive leathers – the new EN 14288 test method’ by C T Page, J Noger, S Dickaut-Güdemann. (Switzerland); 10.20-10.40 ‘Development of an optimised test method for the detection of banned amines in leather’ by A J Long, J W Wegener, L Mattiason (UK); 10.40-11.00 ‘Characterization of the volatile organic compounds in leather’ by M Tomaselli, B Naviglio, D Naviglio, G Comite, G Calvanese (Italy); 11.00-11.20 Coffee break

11.20-11.40 ‘Dimensional stability under changing climate conditions’ by A Trommer, M Meyer (Germany); 11.40-12.00 ‘BAT theory and practical reality in Romanian tanneries’ by L Albu, V Mirciu, V Bratulescu (Romania); 12.00-12.20 ‘Implementation of an aroma to bovine leather for automotive upholstery’ by P Cruz, M V Maldonado, H Ascolana, M A Sanchez (Mexico); 12.20-13.00 Closing Ceremony; 14.30 Visit to Santa Croce sull’ Arno tanneries district